Many people across the United States and even around the world are aware that a serious scandal has erupted with the Volkswagen automotive company. However, the details behind the scandal are still unclear to some.
Volkswagen’s clean diesel vehicles were specifically marketed as environmentally friendly vehicles that put less pollution into the air. The company was required to go through emission tests to prove their vehicle’s environmentally friendly impact, which they passed. However, although the vehicles passed official tests, discrepancies began to show up in real-world tests. For example, a test conducted by researchers at West Virginia University found that VW’s emission levels were 35 times more than the reported amounts. Only after this data became public and the Environmental Protection Agency threatened to halt sales of their 2016 clean diesel vehicles did VW admit to their cheating scandal. So what exactly did Volkswagen do? In over 11 million cars worldwide, VW installed an illegal device in the vehicles that could detect when an emission tests were being performed known as “defeat devices.” When the device was activated, it would give emission levels that were up to 40 times less than the actual amount that was emitted while driving. Not only were the devices illegal, but VW had blatantly violated the Clean Air Act with their vehicles putting illegal amounts of dangerous pollutants into the air.
Affected models include 2009-2015 TDI Volkswagen Golfs, Jettas, Jetta SportWagens, Beetles, and Audi A3s with a 2.0-liter turbodiesel engine, according to the website of the Driscoll Firm. However, even more affected cars continue to come into light. The Volkswagen scandal continues to negatively impact the largest automobile maker in the world, with stock plummeting 30 percent and lawsuits piling up. In addition to massive fines facing the company, many suspect the reputation of Volkswagen has been irrevocably damaged. No official recall has been announced yet.
Vehicle safety is something every driver values and aspires to. Yet even the most cautious driver can fall victim to a severe accident if all parts of their vehicle are not working properly. Auto-defects are some of the most dangerous and costly mistakes a manufacturer and make. According to the website of Memphis personal injury lawyers at John Michael Bailey, some of the most common types of auto defects are: tire blowouts, defective air bags, brake defects, seat belt defects, and defective child car seats.
Tire blowouts can occur due to tread separation or expired tires. If a tire was incorrectly made, the tread may separate from the tires core making it extremely susceptible to blow out. Sometimes, manufactures will sell tires that are several years old but market them as new tires. These tires are also more susceptible to blowouts which could easily cause rollover accidents.
Defective airbags and seatbelt defects can be the difference between life and death in the case of an accident. Properly functioning air bags and seatbelts protect passengers in severe accidents and can greatly increase their chance of survival and decrease the severity of their injuries. If these are not working properly, all passengers are in more danger.
For any parent, the safety of their children is their most important concern. Defective child car seats can seriously endanger any child although these products are intended to protect them. These defects threaten to increase the severity of injuries sustained in an accident.
Effects of an accident due to an auto defect can be permanent and life threatening. Unfortunately, in many cases, a defective vehicle is the result of the carelessness of a manufacturer. According to the website of the Law Offices of Vic Feazell, P.C., many “suffer the serious consequences of car accidents that are caused by the reckless actions of others.” If this is the case, certain damages may be owed to the victim of such a resulting accident.
Every marriage faces challenges. Yet for some couples, these challenges prove to be so extreme they are preventing their potential for all future happiness. In these situations, couples have two options. Many choose to go to marriage counseling to try and work through their feelings and reach a place of mutual understanding and happiness that they once knew. The other option many couples pursue, often if marriage counseling does not prove to be effective is a divorce. Divorce involves the complete separation of those involved. In either of these paths, it is important to seek the help of a trusted professional.
According to the website of marriage counselor Kathleen Snyder, signs that you and your partner may want to consider seeking marriage counseling are: that communication has deteriorated, you experience feelings of loneliness, someone has had an affair, you overly fantasize about being with someone else, small issues lead to big arguments, the marriage always seems to focus on negativity. Marriage counseling can prove to be very effective in resolving these issues and getting a marriage back to a place of happiness.
While marriage counseling has proven to be extremely helpful for some relationships, it is not always a long term solution. Sometimes, couples discover that they are better off leading separate lives. This can be a complicated process. According to the website of Houston divorce attorneys Holmes, Diggs, & Eames, PLLC, “so many aspects of a couple’s life together are examined during the separation, including property, finances, and a child, so each divorce process is unique.” Every couple has their own unique situation that leads to a divorce. Some divorces are amicable while others are emotionally charged with anger and hurt feelings. In either of these cases, it is important to attempt to remain as civil as possible. Marriage counseling did not prove to be the best option, yet couples undergoing a divorce should still seek to empathize and understand the others feelings so that the process can be a non-combative as possible.
Recent years have seen great advances in medical technology. Breakthroughs have allowed the treatments of medical conditions that in the past proved inoperable or permanent. Yet as these new technologies are more widely used, unforeseen complications can occur. These complications can prove to be very dangerous to those undergoing the medical procedures that had initially been intended to help them.
One of these breakthroughs is the process of skin graphing. Skin graphing involves transplanting healthy skin to treat, heal and replace damaged areas of skin. This can be used to treat severe injuries and burns. This technology has helped many people who have suffered sever injuries live healthy, functional lives in situations that would have previously been impossible to recover from. While skin graphing technology has helped many people, for some it has lead to severe complications if this technology is not applied correctly.
The website of vaginal mesh lawsuit attorneys at Williams Kherkher details one similar example of these such risks. Vaginal mesh was first seen as an incredible medical breakthrough, allowing surgeons to “strengthen, reinforce, or replace insufficient tissue density or elasticity in the vaginal wall.” This at first seemed like a procedure which would help many women in ways that before seemed impossible. However, this procedure quickly proved to be very dangerous to certain women, who experienced a number of unpleasant and harmful complications after the procedure. Even in these situations, the most praised and advanced medical procedures can lead to unexpected dangers.
When medical advancements have unforeseen complications, it is unfortunate, because the very things designed to heal people end up causing them more harm. These are unfortunate circumstances that affect the lives of many people. At times, unfortunately, the complications with these breakthroughs are due to the negligence of another. In these cases, victims may be owed compensation for the pain they endured.
Car accidents are a leading cause of death and injury in America, and as many precautions as possible should be taken to avoid them. There are three general types of car accidents: frontal impact, rear impact and side collision.
Frontal impact accidents occurs when the front of the vehicle collides with another vehicle or still object. These are unique in that the driver has full view of the road and the collision when the collision occurs. Still, it is at times difficult or impossible to stop a collision when it is already in motion- even when we can see it coming. According to legal resources, common causes of frontal impact accidents can include driver error, reckless driving, and speeding.
Rear impact accidents occur behind the vehicle, outside of the drivers’ vantage point. Because these happen outside of the view of the driver, they are far more likely to be caused by the driver behind the vehicle then the driver in the front vehicle. According to the website of the Los Angeles personal injury lawyers at The Seegmiller Law Firm, these are often cause by distraction or mechanical defects, and can be categorized as “no fault” accidents.
Side collisions are a more dangerous kind of collision, because in many vehicles there is less airbag protection on the points of impact in these types of accidents. These occur when a vehicle collides with another vehicle that it to the side of it. The other vehicle may be parallel or perpendicular, but regardless the point of collision will be with the side of the car, near the passenger or drivers side doors. According to the website of Pohl & Berk, LLP, common causes of these accidents are drunk driving, pedestrian and bicycle accidents, and highway defects.
Car accidents can have life long and sometimes life threatening effects on those involved. Unfortunately, many accidents are due to the recklessness and negligence of another. In these cases, certain damage might be owed to the victims involved.
Purchasing a custom yacht or luxury sport fishing boat is a huge investment of money and time. It is a big decision which cannot be made lightly. Instead, it must be considered from all angles. It is important to know what you are looking for when going into such a decision. While everyone has their own preferences and priorities, there are certain qualities that everyone should look for in their custom yacht. The website of Mikelson Yachts mentions of few qualities everyone should seek in their boat.
The first is top quality design and construction. A well-constructed yacht will last for years and will make the purchase a worthwhile investment. It is important to note that this level of quality helps to maintain the resale value of your custom yacht, which is crucial to making this a worthwhile investment. You may not keep your yacht forever, but whether it stays with you or it finds another home, it is important to invest in a yacht that can stand the test of time.
Another important quality is customization. You do not want a cookie cutter luxury fishing boat that doesn’t meet your specific needs and desires. If you are to invest in a customized fishing boat, it should be just that- customizable. Such a big investment should be exactly what you are looking for.
The last aspect to truly consider is fuel economy and range. You want to look for boats with high speed capabilities at low horsepower, so that the fuel efficiency is as modern as possible. Your investment in a motored yacht or speed boat should be up to date with the latest and most environmentally friendly technology and construction, so that it is a lasting investment for you, and one that is as easy to maintain as possible.
The process of court reporting has changed significantly of the past century, as technology has developed and the process has been innovated. Court reporting refers to the process of transcribing or recording speech in the courtroom to produce records and transcripts of official hearings. A person whose occupation is to act as a court reporter is known as a “stenographer.”
Originally, stenographers were trained to type verbatim what attorneys, their witnesses, judges, and others say in a court proceeding. This could be very difficult, requiring the stenographer to type at speeds upwards of 225 words per minute. It required years of training to be able to produce such detailed and accurate transcripts inn this way. Although more high tech means of court recording are preferable, some court proceedings are still recorded in this traditional way. However, the development of computers rather than typewriters or written transcriptions had eased the difficulty of these transcriptions.
Digital technology has revolutionized this service. According to the website of Stratos Legal, court reporting companies now use video and voice recordings to provide accurate, real time transcripts of court proceedings. Advanced technology seeks to accomplish the same goal: to precisely record what is said by lawyers, witnesses, judges, and others verbatim. However, voice writers and videographers now no longer have to depend on their own ears to hear everything that is said. Digital audio can allow isolated playback of channels during transcription, so that the stenographer my listen to multiple voices at once. These digital recording methods are now widely used throughout courtrooms and administrative agencies throughout the Unites States.
The process of course recording has changed dramatically as technology has developed to ease the difficulty of this practice. It is still required that anyone in the career undergoes proper training and receive a license to be a Certified Court Reporter (CCR).